Mount Elgon National Park Uganda – All You Need to Know Before You Go

Mount Elgon National Park, situated on the eastern border of Uganda with Kenya, is a captivating destination known for its volcanic landscapes, diverse ecosystems, and rich biodiversity. Spanning an area of about 1,279 square kilometers, the park is home to Mount Elgon, an extinct shield volcano and one of the oldest and largest volcanic mountains in East Africa.

What to Adventure in Mount Elgon National Park?

Mount Elgon

At the heart of the national park is Mount Elgon, a massive volcano that has eroded over time, leaving behind vast calderas and stunning landscapes. The Wagagai Peak is the highest point on Mount Elgon, standing at an elevation of 4,321 meters. The mountain offers a variety of trekking opportunities, ranging from day hikes to multi-day expeditions.

Calderas and Caves

Mount Elgon is known for its enormous calderas, including the largest caldera in the world, the Kitum Caldera. The calderas are complemented by a series of caves formed by ancient lava tubes. Kitum Cave is particularly famous for its salt deposits, attracting elephants, buffalos, and other wildlife that come to lick the mineral-rich rocks.

Sipi Falls

The park is also home to the stunning Sipi Falls, a series of three waterfalls on the slopes of Mount Elgon. The falls offer breathtaking views and provide a picturesque backdrop for various activities, including hiking and cultural encounters with the local Sabiny communities.


Mount Elgon National Park is a haven for birdwatchers, with over 300 bird species recorded. The montane and bamboo forests provide habitats for various bird species, including the endangered Lammergeier (bearded vulture), Jackson’s Francolin, and the African Goshawk.


While Mount Elgon is not known for the large mammals found in some other national parks, it is home to a variety of wildlife, including antelopes, duikers, colobus monkeys, and several small mammal species. The park’s diverse habitats support a range of flora and fauna adapted to the mountainous environment.

Cultural Encounters

The park is surrounded by communities, including the Bagisu and Sabiny people. Visitors have the opportunity to engage in cultural encounters, witnessing traditional ceremonies, dance performances, and experiencing the local way of life.

Trekking and Hiking

Mount Elgon National Park offers a network of trekking trails suitable for various fitness levels. Popular routes include the Sasa Trail and the Piswa Trail, both providing stunning views of the mountain and its surroundings. Multi-day treks offer a chance to explore the diverse ecosystems as trekkers ascend to higher elevations.

Mount Elgon National Park, with its unique combination of volcanic landscapes, waterfalls, and diverse ecosystems, provides a distinctive and rewarding experience for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts in the heart of East Africa.

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